Teak is a tropical hardwood that belongs to theTectona Grandis species. Teak wood has a leather-like smell when it is freshly milled. Heartwood tends to be a golden or medium brown, with color darkening with age. Grain is straight, though it can occasionally be wavy or interlocked. Coarse, uneven texture and moderate to low natural luster. Raw, unfinished wood surfaces have a slightly oily or greasy feel due to natural oils. This makes it very durable, rot-resistant, and almost insensitive to the effects of the sun, rain, cold, and snow.
More than 100 years ago, huge Teak trees were felled in the ancient hardwood forests of central Java and in other parts of south east Asia. As there was no use for them at that time and they were difficult to remove, the roots were left in the ground. Because teak roots are resistant to rot local farmers had to extract them before they could make the land available for replanting. The Teak roots are then made available to be converted into wonderfully unique, organically shaped, artistic furniture and sculptures. Proper government permits have to be granted before the roots can be removed from the plantations
The botanical name for Suar tree is Saman Samanea and in some countries they call it Monkey Pod or Rain Tree as well. Suar trees are easily recognized by their characteristic umbrella shaped canopy. Suar is one of the exceptionally large quickly growing species which produces extraordinary sized slabs, Suar features a wavy grain pattern in shades of brown and gold with a distinctive ivory colored live edge.
Rosewood belongs to the Genus Dalbergia species. The wood has a strong sweet smell, which persists over many years, explaining the name ‘rosewood’. Some trees become canopy trees up to 30 m high.
Rose wood is a highly regarded rainforest tree from various countries in the world like Australia, India, Thailand and Brazil. It has a very fragrant and dense grain near the core, however the outer sapwood is soft and porous. It is very durable and stronger than teak and used for quality furnishings.
Mahogany belongs to the Swietenia Macrophylla species. Both Swietenia mahagoni, and Swietenia macrophylla were introduced into several Asian countries at the time of the restrictions imposed on American mahogany in the late 1990s and both are now successfully grown and harvested in plantations in those countries. The world’s supply of genuine mahogany today comes from these Asian plantations, notably from India, Bangladesh and from Fiji in Oceania.
Mahogany has a straight, fine, and even grain, and is relatively free of voids and pockets. Its reddish-brown color darkens over time, and displays a reddish sheen when polished. It has excellent workability, and is very durable. Historically, the tree’s girth allowed for wide boards from traditional mahogany species.
The Standard Malaysian Name for the light timber of Heritiera spp. ( Sterculiaceae ). The timber is a medium hardwood. The sapwood is usually lighter in colour than and not always sharply defined from the heartwood, which is red, red-brown to dark red-brown. Texture is slightly to moderately coarse but even, with straight to shallowly interlocked grain. The timber is strong (Strength group B). It is difficult to saw and is slightly difficult to plane. However, a smooth finish can be produced. The timber is non-durable in exposed conditions and is susceptible to lyctus beetle attacks. The timber is, however, easily treated with preservatives.